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Menorca's name derives from the Latin insula minor and, later, Menorica (Nura or “island of the fires” for the Phoenicians and Melusa for the Greeks). In Menorca the Carthaginians founded the city called Magonis, currently Mahón, capital of Menorca.
On the other side of the island is Ciudadela (Ciutadella) the ecclesiastical capital (with a Gothic cathedral from the 13th century), and former capital of the island.
It is distinguished from the rest of the Mediterranean islands because is not a mountainous island. Given its low altitude throughout, the sky and stars become one of the main attractions at night.
In the past Menorca was colonised on several occasions by Romans, Carthaginians, Muslims, English, French and finally by the King of Aragon James I in 1287.
In 1970, it began to become a tourist destination, twenty years later than the other islands. This is because Menorca was economically prosperous thanks to the footwear, clothing, jewellery, milk and cheese industries. This delay in tourism development, however, is nowadays one of the main values of the island of Menorca that has opted for the conservation of the environment which has translated into a more restrictive general regulation and higher valued properties. It also differs from the other islands, therefore, in the large number of natural beaches and coves that the natives of the island have always protected.
A definite boost to this characteristic of Menorca is the recognition of the island as a Biosphere Reserve approved by UNESCO in 1985. It has an incredible density of unique archaeological sites that places the island as one of the strongest candidates for declaration of World Heritage. The whole island is populated by ancient Talaiots, Taulas and Navetas built with huge and imposing stones and prehistoric caves worth to visit and study.
It is very difficult to find a tourist destination two or three hour from the main European cities that brings together all that Menorca offers, and its beautiful nature.
It has a typically Mediterranean climate, with high temperatures in summer (above 30 ° C) and moderately low in winter (rarely below 5 ° C).
The main sector of the economy today is the tourism. The visitor will feel welcomed by native population, residents and excellent infrastructure. Highlight new roads, the extension of the airport, hospitals, the adaptation of one of the largest natural harbours (the port of Mahon) on the world to receive cruises and ships along its 5 kilometres…
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