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Menorca's name comes from the Latin insula minor and, later, Menorica or Nura. This means “island of the fires” for the Phoenicians and Melusa for the Greeks. In Menorca, the Carthaginians founded the city called Magonis, which is now Mahón, the capital of Menorca.
On the other side of the island is Ciudadela (Ciutadella), which is the religious and spiritual region of Menorca. It is home to a well-known Gothic cathedral from the 13th century. This used to be the capital of the island.
It is distinguished from the rest of the Mediterranean islands because is not mountainous. Given its low altitude, the sky and stars become one of the main attractions at night.
In the past, Menorca was colonized on several occasions by Romans, Carthaginians, Muslims, English, French. The final attempt was by King of Aragon James I in 1287.
In 1970, Menorca started to become a tourist destination, twenty years later than the other islands. This is due to its prosperous economy. Footwear, clothing, jewellery, milk and cheese industries were very successful. This delay in tourism development, however, is now one of the main values of the island. Conservation and care of the environment means higher-valued properties. It also differs from the other islands as a large number of natural beaches and coves have always protected. This is one of the beautiful reasons to visit Menorca.
Menorca was recognized as a Biosphere Reserve by UNESCO in 1985. It has an incredible density of archaeological sites that place the island as a strong candidate for declaration of World Heritage. The whole island is full of ancient Talaiots, Taulas and Navetas. These are built with huge stones and prehistoric caves, worth a visit and study.
It is difficult to find a tourist destination close to the main European cities with all that Menorca offers. In particular, its beautiful nature is the main reason for a visit.
The island has a Mediterranean climate. High temperatures in summer reach above 30° c and remain warm all year round. Low temperatures in winter are rarely below 5°c.
The main sector of the economy today is tourism. Visitors will feel welcomed by local residents and excellent property choices. Menorca has rebuilt new roads and extensions of the airport and hospitals. It is home to one of the largest natural harbours in the world, the port of Mahón. This port receives cruises and ships along its 5km coast all year round.
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